Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery. Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A.
The presentation of the Declaration of Independence.
After the French and Indian War, the colonists began to think that they were not getting their "rights as freeborn Englishman". This was mainly caused by new taxes the British made the colonies pay to pay for the war.
Incolonists in Boston known as the Sons of Liberty got in a fight with British soldiers. This became known as the Boston Massacre. This was known as the Boston Tea Party It argued that the colonies should be free of English rule.
This said that they were free and independent statesand were not part of England any more.
The Revolutionary War started in at Lexington and Concord. Inan American victory at Yorktown helped by the French led Britain to decide to stop fighting and give up the colonies.
It gave almost all the power to the states and very little to the central government.
Many of the people who helped write the Constitution, such as Washington, James MadisonAlexander Hamilton and Gouverneur Morriswere among the major thinkers in America at the time.
The constitution created a stronger national government that had three branches: In other states, many people did not like the Constitution because it gave more power to the central government and had no bill of rights. However, this was not true at first, when only white males who owned property could vote.
He defined how a person should act as President and retired after two terms. This was the first American election that was between two political parties. One of the most important things he did as President was to make the Louisiana Purchase from Francewhich made the United States twice as big.
This was called the War of Byover three million African-Americans were slaves in the South. Most worked picking cotton on large plantations. Most white people in the South owned no slaves at all. All of these rebellions failed. The South wanted stronger state governments, but the North wanted a stronger central government.
Due to the American System, bigger cities and more factories were built. Bythousands of miles of railroads and telegraph lines had been built in the United States, mostly in the Northeast and Midwest. Many factories were built in Northern cities such as Lowell, Massachusetts.
Many factory workers were women, and some were children or people from Ireland or Germany. Thousands of people gathered at large religious meetings called revivals. The other was abolitionismwhich tried to end slavery. People such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and William Lloyd Garrison wrote books and newspapers saying that slavery should stop.
Byslavery was very rare in the North, but continued in the South. This meant that most married women were expected to stay in the home and raise children.American Civil War, also called War Between the States, four-year war (–65) between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America.
By contrast, the Southern economy was based principally on large farms (plantations) that. Russia finalizes its sale of Alaska to the United States, on March 30, Louisa May Alcott publishes Little Women in Civil War General Ulysses S.
Grant beats New York Governor Horatio Seymour in the presidential election. Mar 29, · The Civil War in the United States began in , after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ rights and westward expansion.
The election of. America's Best History, from sea to shining sea. United States History Timeline, the 's, the U.S. Civil War, includes the top events of each year of the decade of the rebellion against the states. Oct 15, · Watch video · The Civil War in the United States began in , after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states .
Inset: Map illustrating the Civil War in the United States shewing principal battle fields, &c, to , from Colton's "Atlas" pub: N.
York. 13 x 24 cm. Description derived from published bibliography.