The Gaiety Theatre dates toand despite multiple alterations it retains several Victorian era features and remains Ireland's longest-established, continuously producing public theatre. Despite alterations to the interior, structurally the building remains exactly as it was designed and first constructed, and it is thus considered the oldest purpose-built theatre building in Ireland. Mountjoy started a fashion, and private performances became quite commonplace in great houses all over Ireland over the following thirty years.
It is divided into two separate political entities: Dublin is the capital of the former, Belfast of the latter. The country is divided into four provinces: Leinster, Munster, Connaught, and Ulster. All of the first three and part of the fourth are situated within the Republic of Ireland.
Ulster is made up of nine counties; the northeastern six constitute Northern Ireland. The area of the Republic of Ireland is 27, square miles, that of Northern Ireland is 5, square miles.
The entire island, with a total Irish theater of 32, square miles, is a little larger than the state of Maine.
The population of the Republic of Ireland in was approximately 3,, that of Northern Ireland 1, About 95 percent of the Republic's population is Roman Irish theater most of the rest are Protestant.
Over 25 percent of Northern Ireland's population is Roman Catholic; about 23 percent is Presbyterian; about 18 percent belong to the Church of Ireland; the rest are members of other churches or of no stated denomination. The Romans never invaded Ireland so the Gaels remained isolated and were able to develop a distinct culture.
In the fifth century A. Patrick came to Ireland and introduced the Gaels to Christianity. Thus began a great religious and cultural period for the country. While the rest of Europe was swiftly declining into the Dark Ages, Irish monasteries—preserving the Greek and Latin of the ancient world—not only became great centers of learning, but also sent many famous missionaries to the Continent.
Toward the end of the eighth century Vikings invaded Ireland and for over two centuries battled with the Irish. An important legacy of the Viking invasion was the establishment of such cities as Dublin, Cork, Waterford, Limerick, and Wexford. By the close of the medieval period many of the Anglo-Norman invaders had been absorbed into the Gaelic population.
English kings traveled to Ireland on several occasions to effect order and increase allegiance to the Crown. The English were generally too occupied with the Hundred Years War and with the War of the Roses to deal adequately with the Irish, however. By the sixteenth century English control over Ireland was limited to a small area of land surrounding Dublin.
Consequently, Henry VIII and his successors endeavored to force the Irish to submit through military incursions and by "planting" large areas of Ireland with settlers loyal to England. A forceful resistance to the English reconquest of Ireland was led by the Northern chieftain Hugh O'Neill at the end of the sixteenth century.
Following O'Neill's defeat in and his subsequent flight to the Continent, the Crown commenced the large-scale plantation of Ulster with English; Scottish Presbyterians soon followed.
During the seventeenth century Ireland, continuing its steady decline, came increasingly under England's rule. In the Irish allied themselves to the Stuart cause; however, after the defeat and execution of King Charles I in Cromwell and his Puritans devastated much of Ireland, massacred thousands, and parceled out vast tracts of land to their soldiers and followers.
Hoping to regain some of their property, the Catholic Irish sided with the Catholic James II of England but their fortunes further declined when James was defeated by William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne in Portrait of a Marriage, Onstage and at the Barricades. The archive of Ruby Dee and Ossie Davis, now at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, traces more than 60 years in the theater.
Become an AUBURN STATE THEATRE Member Click here to Join Now Click here for the latest news! For over years, Irish playwrights, beginning with Dion Boucicault, have been celebrated by American audiences.
However, Irish theater as represented on the American stage is a selective version of the national drama, and the underlying causes for Irish dramatic success in America illuminate the cultural state of both countries at specific historical moments.
Mount Hope Estate & Winery is your one stop, year-round entertainment destination! Enjoy Theater in the Mansion performances, outdoor festival favorites and, of .
"For more than years, Irish playwrights, beginning with Dion Boucicault, have been celebrated by American audiences. However, Irish theater as represented on the American stage is merely a sampling of the national drama, and the underlying causes of Irish dramatic success in America illuminate the cultural state of both countries at specific historical moments.
The Michael A. Guido Theater is a professional regional theater for Dearborn, Michigan. We pride ourselves in presenting family theatre, classes, symphony orchestra and musicals in the Ford Community and Performing Arts benjaminpohle.com and Entertainment for the Detroit MI area of the United States.