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Child Development is the biological, physiological and all the emotional changes that happen during these formative years as the child goes from dependency to autonomy. These changes could be hugely influenced by genetics, events that occur whilst in the womb and during prenatal development and are usually included in most studies of child development.
Developmental changes are different. They occur as a result of a genetically controlled process called maturation or as a result of environmental factors and learning home life and school for example but these changes most commonly happen as a result of a combination of them both.
Human beings and especially children have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development covers and includes. This is because in most examples they need to learn one skill before they can move onto the next. An example is walking.
The child will need to learn to walk before they can run or jump etc. Development in children is more rapid in the early stages with many milestones happening in quick succession. This slows down as the child becomes a young adult with the milestones becoming further apart.
Unbuttons clothes, builds tower of 4 cubes, scribbles, uses spoon, picks up very small object Preschool years Understands things such as tired, hungry and cold, recognises colours, becomes aware of numbers and letters Begins to separate easily from parent sdresses with assistance, washes and dries hands, plays interactive games like tag.
All children are believed to follow the same sequence of growth the child will crawl, then stand, then walk for example this is called the normative pattern. What we need to know is that not all children follow this pattern and for example some children will miss out stages altogether.
It is very important to realise that while the sequence of development may be somewhat the same in most children, the rate or speed in which the child develops can vary in many ways. They can be split into two categories which I will go into more depth later.
These are Personal factors such as genetics and health related issues and External factors such as poverty, family life, personal choice and social interaction. Disability or special needs.
Inherited downs or chronic Autism Disability or special needs. Inherited downs or chronic Autism Finances living in poverty Finances living in poverty Education home schooled, private or state Education home schooled, private or state Cultural background Religion or beliefs Cultural background Religion or beliefs Health status, Antenatal issues smoking, drinking, drugs Health status, Antenatal issues smoking, drinking, drugs Social class lower, working, upper Social class lower, working, upper Genetics, Birth problems Genetics, Birth problems Family Environment and background loving or divorced parents Family Environment and background loving or divorced parents Gender Gender Interpersonal Relationships Interpersonal Relationships Personal Factors influencing development.
Genetic Influences Many studies believe it is both our environment and our genetics which will mould us into the person we ultimately become.
Our chromosomes are where we find our genes. Parents pass these onto their children via their cells the sperm and the egg. Examples include a woman not knowing she is pregnant in the early stages and carrying on with all her bad habits drinking, smoking, drug taking and diet.
This is called the antenatal period. A child being born before term 37 weeks and therefore is born prematurely may need intensive care and this could affect development. This is determined by genetic inheritance but can also be affected by factors such as diet, environment, and what health care they receive.
Some children are born with conditions which affect their development these include Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis and heart defects. External Factors Influencing Development.
Other things which are linked to poverty are: Children from poorer backgrounds are four times more likely to have an accident than those from higher up the social ladder. As I mentioned above a poor diet comes hand in hand with low income families as they more times than not have to buy the cheaper brands or processed convenience foods.
Space to live and play: Poorer children are more likely to be smaller at birth and shorter in height. Children from the lower classes are more likely to have poor attendance and less likely to do well.
As adults they are more likely to be homeless, be unemployed, and become involved in drug abuse, offending or be in abusive relationships. The social environment in which a child is raised can have a dramatic effect on their development. An example of this would be a child who has had no contact with neighbours, family members or classmates.
A child may seem physically healthy but if they are unhappy and are not enjoying their time at home this is will most definitely be affecting their development.
Things a child needs include: A child needs unconditional love and affection from their primary carers whoever this may be Parents, Grandparents, Foster Parents etc. A child needs to feel safe and secure.Understand Child and Young Person Development Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development and the Importance of Them When looking at and discussing a child’s development, you have to remember that all children are different and grow at different rates.
CYP Understand child and young person's development Level 3 Children & Young People's Workforce. Aspects of children' development: Physical; Intellectual / cognitive; Schemas help children to understand the world and will use these in future to make sense of new experiences.
Rebecca Macdougall TDA Child and Young Person Development Influences that affect children and young person’s development 1) Describe, using the examples in the case study, the kinds of influences that affect children and young people's development.
Include examples from the family and children's background, health and environment. Understand Child and Young Peoples Development 3. 1/3. 1 Explain how to monitor children and young people’s development using different methods: Monitoring children and young people’s development using different methods such as an observation, where I would watch the child closely in different contexts depending on which area I was observing e.
The main stages of child and young person development From birth through to adulthood children continually grow, develop, and It is important to understand how children develop physically, socially, emotionally and intellectually to know that all areas of development are.
1 The term “Sequence” of child development refers to the how we expect a child to develop from the day it was born to the age of Child Development is the biological, physiological and all the emotional changes that happen during these formative years as the child goes from dependency to autonomy.